SSC CGL 2018 (4 June to 13 June 2019)
Biology : – 41 Q’s
Q.1 Name the gland that controls the functioning of other endocrine glands.
उस ग्रंथि का नाम बताइए जो अन्य अंतःस्रावी ग्रंथियों के कार्य को नियंत्रित करती है।
(04 June 2019 Shift Noon)
2. Pituitary gland
3. Rineal gland
4. Adrenal gland
Correct Answer: – Pituitary gland पिट्यूटरी ग्रंथि
Comment:- The hormones of the pituitary gland help regulate the functions of other endocrine glands. The pituitary gland has two parts—the anterior lobe and posterior lobe—that have two very separate functions.
The pituitary gland is known as the ‘master’ endocrine gland. The hypothalamus controls the production of hormones in both lobes. The pituitary gland produces many important hormones, some of which act on other glands to make them produce hormones. The pituitary gland releases at least 9 hormones that have important effects on the body—these include the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), adrenocorticotrophic hormone stimulates the adrenal glands.
Q.2 The amount of light entering into eye can be controlled and regulated by
आंख में प्रवेश करने वाले प्रकाश की मात्रा को नियंत्रित और नियंत्रित किया जा सकता है(04 June 2019 Shift Eve)
Correct Answer:- pupil पुतली (wrong)
Right answer:- iris
Comment :- The pupil regulates the amount of light entering the eye. However, the size of pupil is controlled by the Iris. So, we can say that the iris controls and regulates the amount of light entering the eye.
Q.3 Which cells in our body are popularly called “soldiers of the human body”?
हमारे शरीर में कौन सी कोशिकाएँ लोकप्रिय रूप से “मानव शरीर के सैनिक” कहलाती हैं? (04 June 2019 Shift Eve)
2. White blood cells
3. Red blood cells
Correct Answer:- White blood cells श्वेत रक्त कोशिकाएं
Comment :- White blood cells is known as the soldiers of the body because it protects us from against both infectious disease and foreign invaders. White blood cells also known as leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the body immune system that are involved in protecting the body.