SSC CHSL 2017-18 Sentences improvement

SSC CHSL Sentence Improvement: – 124 Questions

Exam was conducted from 04th March to 28th March 2018

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4-March-2018

Q.1:- We sat on the floor to eat dinner and he (appreciate) the fresh food my mother served.
Options:
1) had appreciated
2) appreciated
3) will appreciate
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: appreciated
Explanation: – The given sentence is in past tense (we sat- simple past tense / mother served – simple past tense). Use ‘appreciated’ instead of ‘appreciate’. He appreciated – simple past tense.

Q.2:- We sat there (enjoy) the view.
Options:
1) enjoyed
2) enjoying
3) enjoys
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: enjoying
Explanation: – use participle ‘enjoying’ instead of verb ‘enjoy’ to connect the sentence. Ex- There was a little girl sitting next to him.
[For option (1) we need a conjunction to connect two verbs. For example – We sat there and enjoyed the view. – Correct. And option (3) enjoys – can’t be used here as we use verb in singular form for singular subject in present indefinite tense.
Q.3:- Opening the door to her each morning is like (lets) a breath of fresh air into my world.
Options:
1) let
2) to let
3) letting
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: letting
Explanation: – ‘Like’ is followed by gerund for experience or joy. Ex- I like getting up early in summer. (I enjoy it)
‘Like’ is followed by ‘to infinitive’ express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise. Ex- I like to be punctual.
Here it is for joy so, it should be followed by gerund (V. + ing) – letting.

Q.4:- What seeds you (has sow) in the garden of your mind determine the quality of life you shall have.
Options:
1) sowing
2) sow
3) had sow
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: sow
Explanation: – general / common / universal truth should be expressed in simple present tense. Chang the tense: subject (plural) + sow (बीज बोना) plural verb.

5-March-2018

Q.5:- As he tried harder, his steps slowed, his senses (activated).
Options:
1) is activated
2) were activated
3) were activate
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: were activated
Explanation: – plural subject (senses) should be followed by plural verb- were. The given sentence is in passive voice, verb to be ‘were’ should be followed by V3 (activated).

Q.6:- My daughter (comes running) as fast as her little feet can take her while her eyes sparkle vivaciously.
Options:
1) comes run
2) come running
3) came run
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: no improvement
Explanation: – sentence is correct.

Q.7:- At the micro level, the dialectical process of development in India (has now heading) towards another direction.
Options:
1) had now heading
2) now heading
3) is now heading
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: is now heading
Explanation: – has / have / had should be followed by past participle form of the main verb. Or. “Has/ have/ had + been + present participle” Option (3) present continuous tense is correct to make the sentence meaningful. “… is now heading- …अब आगे बढ़ रहा है”

Q.8:- I wondered what one would have thought some 40 years ago if you (had said) you could heat liquid using a plastic container.
Options:
1) having said
2) had say
3) have saying
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: no improvement
Explanation: – Conditional sentence type 3: “would have + past participle…. + if + past perfect tense”.
Ex- You would have passed your exam if you had worked harder. Sentence is correct.

Q.9:- I understood that we (is influenced) by what we see, what we hear.
Options:
1) was influenced
2) are influence
3) are influenced
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: are influenced
Explanation: – The given sentence is in passive voice and the subject ‘we’ is plural. The correct structure is- verb to be + past participle.
‘Option (3) are influenced’ is the correct answer. We are influenced….- हम प्रभावित होते हैं….

Q.10:- Tunnels (is built) to connect houses and places of worship whereas innovative trick doors were attached to the underground cities.
Options:
1) was built
2) were built
3) were building
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: were built
Explanation:- The subject ‘Tunnels’ is plural and the given sentence is in passive voice as the subject is not performing the action ‘built’.
Passive structure: “verb to be + past participle”. Tunnels were built – सुरंगों का निर्माण किया गया था.

6-March-2018

Q.11:- The trick is in (keep) the flavours simple and fresh.
Options:
1) keeping
2) keeps
3) to keep
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: keeping
Explanation – Preposition should be followed by ‘V+ing’ except ‘to’. Use ‘keeping’ instead of ‘keep’.
Some exceptions with ‘to’:- addicted to, used to, look forward to, opposed to, accustomed to, etc.
Ex- I am opposed to increasing taxes. I am looking forward to attending the meeting.

Q.12:- Yes, amazing things (has happen) with the launch of the internet.
Options:
1) is happening
2) had happen
3) have happened
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: have happened
Explanation: – plural subject ‘things’ should be followed by plural verb ‘have’ and have / has / had should be followed by the past participle form of the main verb. Correct Answer: have happened.

Q.13:- Humongous changes (has occurred) in the last two decades.
Options:
1) have occurred
2) have occur
3) have occurring
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: have occurred
Explanation: – plural subject ‘changes’ should be followed by plural verb ‘have’ and have / has / had should be followed by the past participle form of the main verb. Correct Answer: have occurred.

Q.14:- The joy of (cook) a meal with freshly grown herbs was boundless.
Options:
1) cooked
2) cooking
3) cooks
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: cooking
Explanation: – preposition should be followed by gerund. Use ‘cooking’ instead of’ ‘cook’.

Q.15:- The doctor removed the eye patch and asked him how he (were feeling).
Options:
1) was felt
2) has feeling
3) was feeling
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: was feeling
Explanation: – singular subject ‘he’ should be followed by the singular verb ‘was’. How he was feeling- वह कैसा महसूस कर रहा था.

Q.16:- It is nothing less than magic which (will transformed) tiny teeny seeds into fruits of life.
Options:
1) transform
2) transforms
3) transforming
4) no improvement
Correct Answer: transforms
Explanation: – general statement / truth should be written in simple present tense. The antecedent of the relative pronoun ‘which’ is singular (magic), it should be followed by singular verb – transforms.

 

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